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Patent School

Types of IPR

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IPR stands for “Intellectual Property Rights”. There are different types of IPR to protect different types of creations.

IPR is divided into registrable IPR, i.e. rights that can be registered with an authority, and non-registrable IPR.

Registered IPR arise when the person who came up with the invention submits an application to an authority. It is the Danish Patent and Trademark Office that processes Danish IPR applications and grants a valid right if the applications meet the requirements. Examples of registered IPR are patents, utility models, trademarks (for example company names and logos) and designs.

Non-registrable IPR are rights that automatically awarded when a creation is produced that meets certain requirements. However, since there is no authority to approve the right, this means that the enforcement of such rights always begins with proving that the ownership of the actual right. Examples of non-registrable IPR are copyright and trade secrets.

There are several types of IPR:


A patent is an exclusive right to commercial exploitation of an invention of technical nature. Patent protection generally applies for 20 years from the day the patent application was submitted.

Utility models

Utility models are typically called the smaller version of a patent. Utility models differ from patents in terms of price and duration of the right.


Trademarks are used to identify and protect a logo, slogan, brand or product name and can be used to create identity and provide information about the identity that a particular product belongs to.


An industrial design is a protection of a certain appearance of a product or similar. Examples of designs include the packaging designs e.g. special bottles for certain products or the special appearance of cars.


Copyright protects creative products made by humans, such that the creator of a product of human creativity has the right to decide who is allowed to copy the work.

Trade secrets

Trade secrets are typically knowledge that are kept in house and are not disclosed to the public. Trade secrets can be any form of information that has commercial value because it is secret.